Lynx is home to the fascinating globular cluster NGC 2419. Although visually faint and small what makes NGC 2419 special is its distance; at 275,000 light-years it's one of the furthest known Milky Way globulars. In fact, twentieth century American astronomer Harlow Shapley nicknamed it "The Intergalactic Tramp" believing it to have possibly broken away from the Milky Way and headed off into deep inter galactic space. However, recent observations indicate Shapley hypothesis was incorrect and NGC 2419 is still gravitationally bound to the Milky Way just moving in a highly eccentric orbit.

NGC 2419 or Caldwell 25 was discovered by William Herschel on December 31, 1788. It's located 275,000 light-years from the Solar System and about 300,000 light-years from the galactic centre, almost twice as far away as the Large Magellanic Cloud. At such a distance it's estimated NGC 2419 will take about 3 billion years to complete a single orbit around the centre of the galaxy.

NGC 2419 is positioned 7 degrees north and slightly east of Castor (α Gem - mag. +1.58) the second brightest star in Gemini. About 4 arc minutes west of NGC 2419 is a mag. +7.2 star with a double star of mag. +7.9 a few more arc minutes further west. Even Herschel with his super telescopes of the time couldn't resolve NGC 2419 into stars. William Parsons, the 3rd Earl of Rosse, using his 72-inch (1.83 m) reflecting telescope at Birr Castle in Ireland - the largest optical telescope in the world at the time - was first the first to do so in 1850.

NGC 2419 - Globular Cluster by the Hubble Space Telescope (NASA, The Hubble Heritage Team (AURA/STScI))

Finder Chart for NGC 2419

Finder Chart for NGC 2419 - pdf format

NGC 2419 shines at magnitude +10.3 and has an apparent diameter of 5 arc minutes. It's a somewhat challenging target especially under light polluted skies. In good sky conditions it can be spotted with a small 100mm (4-inch) aperture with a 150 mm (6-inch) scope at low magnifications revealing a small fuzzy object that's clearly non-stellar. Larger scopes fair better, but don't expect to resolve NGC 2419 its brightest stars are of magnitude +17.

The globular is best seen from northern latitudes during the months of December, January and February. Although faint and unimpressive this is an incredible object that's one of the largest and intrinsically brightest known objects of its type. It's estimated to contain 1 million stars across a spatial diameter of 400 light-years and is comparable in brightness to spectacular Omega Centauri.

NGC 2419 Data Table

NGC2419
Caldwell25
NameThe Intergalactic Wanderer
Object TypeGlobular Cluster
ConstellationLynx
Distance (ly)275,000
Apparent Mag.10.3
RA (J2000)07h 38m 08s
DEC (J2000)38h 52m 53s
Apparent Size (arc mins)5 x 5
Radius (light-years)200
Age (years)12.6 Billion
Number of Stars1 Million

Sky Highlights - September 2017

Opposition
Neptune reaches opposition on September 5th

The Planets
This Month's Guide

Algol Minima
Algol eclipse dates and times for September

Northern Hemisphere
Evening
West:- Jupiter (mag. -1.7)
Southwest:- Saturn (mag. +0.5)
East:- Neptune (mag. +7.8)
Midnight
South:- Neptune
East:- Uranus (mag. +5.7)
Morning
West:- Neptune
South:- Uranus
East:- Venus (mag. -3.9), Mars (mag. +1.8) (from second week), Mercury (mag. +0.5 to -1.3) (from second week)

Southern Hemisphere
Evening
West:- Jupiter
Northwest:- Saturn
East:- Neptune
Midnight
West:- Saturn
North:- Neptune
Northeast:- Uranus
Morning
West:- Neptune
Northwest:- Uranus
Northeast:- Venus
East:- Mars (end of month)

Deep Sky

Small telescopes:-
Messier 13 - M13 - Great Hercules Globular Cluster
Messier 92 - M92 - Globular Cluster
Messier 11 - M11 - The Wild Duck Cluster (Open Cluster)
Messier 7 - M7 - The Ptolemy Cluster (Open Cluster)
Messier 6 - M6 - The Butterfly Cluster (Open Cluster)
Messier 4 - M4 - Globular Cluster
Messier 8 - M8 - Lagoon Nebula (Emission Nebula)
Messier 16 - M16 - Eagle Nebula (Emission Nebula with Open Cluster)
Messier 20 - M20 - Trifid Nebula (Emission and Reflection Nebula)

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