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Algol (β Per) is a bright eclipsing binary system located in the northern constellation of Perseus and one of the best-known variable stars in the sky. Often referred to as the "Demon Star" most of the time it shines at magnitude +2.1 but every two days, 20 hours and 49 minutes the star suddenly dips in brightness to magnitude +3.4, remaining dim for about 10 hours before returning to its original state.

Why the change in brightness? The Algol system consists of at least three-stars (β Per A, β Per B and β Per C) with the orbital plane of Algol A and B directly in line with the Earth. The regular dips in brightness occur when the dimmer B star moves in front of and eclipses the brighter A star. There is also an extra dimension in that a secondary eclipse occurs when the brighter star occults the fainter secondary but this results in a very small dip in brightness that can only be detected by those with access to photoelectrical equipment.

Algol System (credit - Dept. of Physics and Astronomy - Univ. of Tennessee at Knoxville)

Algol is located in Perseus amongst the stars of the northern Milky Way. It's positioned west of magnitude +0.1 star Capella (α Aur) and southeast of the well known "W" of Cassiopeia. The finder chart below shows the position of Algol along with magnitude data of some surrounding stars for comparative purposes.

Finder Chart for Algol (credit:- freestarcharts)

Finder Chart for Algol (credit:- freestarcharts) - pdf format

For those new to variable star observing, Algol is an excellent first choice target. It dims quite dramatically and the regular brightness changes are obvious to the naked eye. The table below contains date and time information of Algol's minima for January 2016 for various World time zones that cover most regions of Europe, America, China and Australia. For time zones not listed, local eclipse times can be calculated by adjusting the table to fit to the observers local time.

Algol Minima for January 2016

DateTime (UT - GMT)Time (CET - Europe)Time (EST - N America)Time (PST - N America)Time (CST - China)Time (AEDT - Australia)
Jan 0111:5112:5106:5103:5119:5122:51
Jan 0408:4009:4003:4000:4016:4019:40
Jan 0705:2906:2900:2921:29 (Jan 6)13:2916:29
Jan 1002:1803:1821:18 (Jan 9)18:18 (Jan 9)10:1813:18
Jan 1223:0700:07 (Jan 13)18:0715:0707:07 (Jan 13)10:07 (Jan 13)
Jan 1519:5720:5714:5711:5703:57 (Jan 16)06:57 (Jan 16)
Jan 1816:4617:4611:4608:4600:46 (Jan 19)03:46 (Jan 19)
Jan 2113:3514:3508:3505:3521:3500:35 (Jan 22)
Jan 2410:2411:2405:2402:2418:2421:24
Jan 2707:1408:1402:1423:14 (Jan 26)15:1418:14
Jan 3004:0305:0323:03 (Jan 29)20:03 (Jan 29)12:0315:03