NGC 6541, also known as Caldwell 78, is a globular cluster in the southern constellation of Corona Australis. It shines at mag. +6.3 and therefore just beyond naked eye visibility, but easily seen with binoculars and small scopes. Although often overlooked and not as spectacular as the great southern showpiece globulars, it's still a fine object in its own right.

NGC 6541 was discovered by Niccolò Cacciatore at the Palermo Astronomical Observatory, Sicily, on March 19, 1826. James Dunlop independently found it a few months later on July 3, 1826. The cluster is best seen from southern regions during the months of June, July and August. From locations north of latitude 47N, it never rises above the horizon.

NGC 6541 (credit:- NASA, ESA, and The Hubble Heritage Team (STScI/AURA))

Finder Chart for NGC 6541 (credit:- freestarcharts)

Finder Chart for NGC 6541 - pdf format (credit:- freestarcharts)

To find NGC 6541 look towards the southwest corner of Corona Australis. It lies 4 degrees west-northwest of Alpha Telescopii (α Tel - mag. +3.5) with the bright curved tail and sting of Scorpius positioned a few degrees further northwest. Located a third of a degree from NGC 6541 is SAO 228708 (mag. +4.9). This star acts as a good marker, appearing in the same binocular and low power telescope field of view.

In total, NGC 6541 spans 15 arc minutes of apparent sky. Binoculars show a much smaller, hazy glow about 3 arc minutes across that obviously non-stellar. Small scopes do somewhat better. Through an 80mm (3.1-inch) instrument, it appears almost twice the size and hints on resolution.

The brightest member stars at the edges are resolvable at high magnifications through a 200mm (8-inch) telescope. The core remains bright, compact but unresolved. With a 350mm (14-inch) scope or larger, NGC 6541 is a dazzling sight with many stars visible. It becomes gradually denser as you move towards the core, but resolving the core remains challenging.

NGC 6541 is very old at almost 13 billion years. It was once thought to be about 16 or 17 billion years old, which would make it older than the current accepted 13.7 billion year age of the Universe! However, recent cluster age measurements have rectified the issue.

NGC 6541 is 22,800 light-years distant, which corresponds to a spatial diameter of 100 light-years. It contains approx. 150,000 stars.

NGC 6541 Data Table

NGC6541
Caldwell78
Object TypeGlobular Cluster
ConstellationCorona Australis
Distance (light-years)22,800
Apparent Mag.+6.3
RA (J2000)18h 08m 03s
DEC (J2000)-43d 42m 57s
Apparent Size (arc mins)15
Radius (light-years)50
Age (years)12.93 Billion
Number of Stars150,000

Sky Highlights - March 2017

Comet
Comet 41P/Tuttle-Giacobini-Kresak now visible with binoculars as it heads towards perihelion

Mercury
Mercury heading towards greatest elongation east

Minor Planet
Vesta now visible with binoculars and small telescopes.

The Planets
This Month's Guide

Algol Minima
Algol eclipse dates and times for March 2017

Northern Hemisphere
Evening
West:- Venus (mag. -4.8 to -4.1 - first half of month), Mars (mag. +1.3 to +1.5), Uranus (mag. +5.9), Mercury (mag. -1.5 to -0.4 - second half of month)
Midnight
Southeast:- Jupiter (mag. -2.3 to -2.5)
Morning
Southwest:- Jupiter
Southeast:- Saturn (mag. +0.5)

Southern Hemisphere
Evening
West:- Venus (first half of month), Mars, Uranus
Midnight
North:- Jupiter
East:- Saturn
Morning
West:- Jupiter
Northeast:- Saturn
East:- Neptune (mag. +8.0 - second half of month)

Deep Sky
Naked eye / binoculars:-
Melotte 111 - Mel 111 - The Coma Star Cluster (Open Cluster)
Messier 44 - M44 - The Praesepe (Open Cluster)

Telescopes:-
Messier 67 - M67 - Open Cluster
Messier 51 - M51 - The Whirlpool Galaxy (Spiral Galaxy)
Messier 97 - M97 - The Owl Nebula (Planetary Nebula)
Messier 101 - M101 - The Pinwheel Galaxy (Spiral Galaxy)
Messier 65 – M65 – Spiral Galaxy
Messier 66 - M66 - Intermediate Spiral Galaxy
Messier 95 - M95 - Barred Spiral Galaxy
Messier 96 - M96 - Intermediate Spiral Galaxy
NGC 4244 - Spiral Galaxy
NGC 4565 - Needle Galaxy - Spiral Galaxy

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