M98, mag. +10.4, is a large beautiful edge-on spiral galaxy that's located in the southern section of the constellation of Coma Berenices. It's one of the fainter Messier objects and to spot it a medium sized amateur telescope or greater is recommended. The galaxy is a member of the Virgo cluster and was discovered by Pierre Mechain on March 15, 1781. On the same night he also discovered M99 and M100. Messier catalogued them shortly afterwards and remarked that M98 was the faintest of the three.

M98 is one of a small group of galaxies that are blueshifted. The vast majority of galaxies are receding from us and display redshifts but due to the movement of M98 within the Virgo cluster, it's currently falling towards us, hence the blueshift. The galaxy is located about 57 Million light-years distant and has an apparent size of 9.8 x 2.8 arc minutes. This corresponds to an actual diameter of 160,000 light-years. It's estimated to contain 1 trillion stars.

Pinpointing the area of sky where M98 is located is easy. It's located 6 degrees east of Denebola (β Leo - mag. +2.1) the third brightest star in Leo. The star 6 Com (mag. +5.1) lies 0.5 degree east of M98 and acts as a perfect marker.

The Virgo cluster galaxies are best seen during the months of March, April and May.

M98 Spiral galaxy (NOAO/AURA/NSF)

Finder Chart for M98 (also shown M49, M53, M58->M60, M64->M66, M84->M91, M99 and M100)

Finder Chart for M98 (also shown M49, M53, M58->M60, M64->M66, M84->M91, M99 and M100) - pdf format

M98 is one of the more difficult Virgo cluster Messier galaxies. Through a 200m (8-inch) scope it appears as a faint, thin, diffuse streak of light with a brighter core. The surface brightness of the galaxy is low, hence it's a tricky object to spot, especially when there is a small amount of light pollution present. For the same reason, it does not take high magnification well. Larger backyard telescopes reveal a slightly curved structure that's brighter on the southern side with a greenish tinge and a distinct nucleus.

About 750 million years ago, M98 may have interacted with the large spiral galaxy NGC 4254. Today, they are separated by a distance of about 1.3 million light-years.

M98 Data Table

Messier98
NGC4192
Object TypeSpiral galaxy
ClassificationSAB(s)ab
ConstellationComa Berenices
Distance (kly)57000
Apparent Mag.10.4
RA (J2000)12h 13m 48s
DEC (J2000)14d 54m 00s
Apparent Size (arc mins)9.8 x 2.8
Radius (light-years)80,000
Number of Stars1 Trillion
Notable FeatureMember of the Virgo Cluster of galaxies

Sky Highlights - March 2017

Comet
Comet 41P/Tuttle-Giacobini-Kresak now visible with binoculars as it heads towards perihelion

Mercury
Mercury heading towards greatest elongation east

Minor Planet
Vesta now visible with binoculars and small telescopes.

The Planets
This Month's Guide

Algol Minima
Algol eclipse dates and times for March 2017

Northern Hemisphere
Evening
West:- Venus (mag. -4.8 to -4.1 - first half of month), Mars (mag. +1.3 to +1.5), Uranus (mag. +5.9), Mercury (mag. -1.5 to -0.4 - second half of month)
Midnight
Southeast:- Jupiter (mag. -2.3 to -2.5)
Morning
Southwest:- Jupiter
Southeast:- Saturn (mag. +0.5)

Southern Hemisphere
Evening
West:- Venus (first half of month), Mars, Uranus
Midnight
North:- Jupiter
East:- Saturn
Morning
West:- Jupiter
Northeast:- Saturn
East:- Neptune (mag. +8.0 - second half of month)

Deep Sky
Naked eye / binoculars:-
Melotte 111 - Mel 111 - The Coma Star Cluster (Open Cluster)
Messier 44 - M44 - The Praesepe (Open Cluster)

Telescopes:-
Messier 67 - M67 - Open Cluster
Messier 51 - M51 - The Whirlpool Galaxy (Spiral Galaxy)
Messier 97 - M97 - The Owl Nebula (Planetary Nebula)
Messier 101 - M101 - The Pinwheel Galaxy (Spiral Galaxy)
Messier 65 – M65 – Spiral Galaxy
Messier 66 - M66 - Intermediate Spiral Galaxy
Messier 95 - M95 - Barred Spiral Galaxy
Messier 96 - M96 - Intermediate Spiral Galaxy
NGC 4244 - Spiral Galaxy
NGC 4565 - Needle Galaxy - Spiral Galaxy

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