M65 is a magnitude +9.6 spiral galaxy located 35 million light years from Earth in the constellation of Leo. It was discovered by Charles Messier on March 1, 1780, the night he also discovered M66. Messier described the galaxy as a "very faint nebula without stars." Apart from M81 and M82 in Ursa Major, M65 and M66 are probably the most sought after galaxy pair for amateur astronomers. With a third galaxy, NGC 3628, lying nearby the trio forms the heart of a small group of celebrated galaxies known as "The Leo Triplet" or "M66 group". All three can be observed or photographed in the same field of view and as a result are a sought after grouping for amateur observers and astrophotographers alike.

M65 is located in the eastern section of the relatively large and bright zodiac constellation of Leo "the Lion", with the Lion's heart in western skylore marked by the constellations brightest and only first magnitude star, Regulus (α Leo – mag +1.4). Positioned approximately 16 degrees to the northeast of Regulus is the star Chertan (θ Leo - mag. +3.3). Along with the Zosma (δ Leo - mag. +2.6) to the north and Denebola (β Leo - mag. +2.1) to the east, Chertan forms a prominent right-angled triangle. Now move 2 degrees south of Chertan to arrive at magnitude +5.3 star 73 Leo. M65 lies 0.75 degrees east of 73 Leo with M66 a further 0.33 degrees southeast of M65. Located 0.5 degrees to the north of the Messier pair is the 3rd member of the famous Leo triplet, NGC 3628.

The galaxies are best seen during the months of March, April and May.

Messier 65 spiral galaxy by the Hubble Space Telescope (NASA/ESA/The Hubble Heritage Team STScI/AURA)

Finder Chart for M65 (also shown M66, M95, M96 and M105)

Finder Chart for M65 (also shown M66, M95, M96 and M105) - pdf format

Finder Chart for M87 (also shown M49, M53, M58->M60, M64->M66, M84->M86, M88->M91 and M98->M100)

Finder Chart for M87 (also shown M49, M53, M58->M60, M64->M66, M84->M86, M88->M91 and M98->M100) - pdf format

With a magnitude of +9.6 and a high surface brightness, M65 is visible in binoculars from a dark site. Although dim, 10x50 binoculars display a brighter centre surrounded by fainter edges. Also visible in the same binocular field of view is M66. In total, M65 spans 8.7 x 2.4 arc minutes of apparent sky, appearing almost side on when viewed from our perspective. A small telescope such as an 80mm (3.1-inch) refractor nicely shows the elongation as a thin slivery disk of light with a brighter core. Subtle details can be made out of the galaxy hazy structure through medium sized telescopes of the order of 200mm (8-inch) aperture with even larger amateur telescopes revealing beautiful dark lanes within the galaxy's structure.

M65 is marginally the faintest of the Leo Triplet and similar in appearance to M66. Although NGC 3628 is similar in magnitude to M66 it's also the hardest to pick out due to its larger apparent size and lower surface brightness. Once you have identified all three, it's a worthwhile taking time to compare these wonderful galaxies through the eyepiece.

M65 Data Table

Messier65
NGC3623
Object TypeSpiral galaxy
ClassificationSAB (rs) a
ConstellationLeo
Distance (kly)35,000
Apparent Mag.9.6
RA (J2000)11h 18m 56s
DEC (J2000)13d 05m 37s
Apparent Size (arc mins)8.7 x 2.4
Radius (light-years)45,000
Number of Stars200 Billion
Notable FeatureMember of the Leo Triplet along with M66 and NGC 3628

Sky Highlights - March 2017

Comet
Comet 41P/Tuttle-Giacobini-Kresak now visible with binoculars as it heads towards perihelion

Mercury
Mercury heading towards greatest elongation east

Minor Planet
Vesta now visible with binoculars and small telescopes.

The Planets
This Month's Guide

Algol Minima
Algol eclipse dates and times for March 2017

Northern Hemisphere
Evening
West:- Venus (mag. -4.8 to -4.1 - first half of month), Mars (mag. +1.3 to +1.5), Uranus (mag. +5.9), Mercury (mag. -1.5 to -0.4 - second half of month)
Midnight
Southeast:- Jupiter (mag. -2.3 to -2.5)
Morning
Southwest:- Jupiter
Southeast:- Saturn (mag. +0.5)

Southern Hemisphere
Evening
West:- Venus (first half of month), Mars, Uranus
Midnight
North:- Jupiter
East:- Saturn
Morning
West:- Jupiter
Northeast:- Saturn
East:- Neptune (mag. +8.0 - second half of month)

Deep Sky
Naked eye / binoculars:-
Melotte 111 - Mel 111 - The Coma Star Cluster (Open Cluster)
Messier 44 - M44 - The Praesepe (Open Cluster)

Telescopes:-
Messier 67 - M67 - Open Cluster
Messier 51 - M51 - The Whirlpool Galaxy (Spiral Galaxy)
Messier 97 - M97 - The Owl Nebula (Planetary Nebula)
Messier 101 - M101 - The Pinwheel Galaxy (Spiral Galaxy)
Messier 65 – M65 – Spiral Galaxy
Messier 66 - M66 - Intermediate Spiral Galaxy
Messier 95 - M95 - Barred Spiral Galaxy
Messier 96 - M96 - Intermediate Spiral Galaxy
NGC 4244 - Spiral Galaxy
NGC 4565 - Needle Galaxy - Spiral Galaxy

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