M28 is a mag. +7.2 globular cluster located among the rich Milky Way star fields of Sagittarius. The cluster is visible with binoculars, although unspectacular in appearance. However, telescopes fair better and on nights of good seeing and transparency, it's possible to resolve a few stars with just a medium size scope.

The globular was discovered by Charles Messier on July 27, 1764. It's located 18,000 light-years from Earth and spans 11 arc minutes of apparent sky, which corresponds to a relatively small spatial diameter of 60 light-years. In total, M28 contains about 50,000 stars and is best seen from southern and equatorial regions during the months of June, July and August. From northern temperate locations, it never rises particularly high above the southern horizon.

M28 is one of the easier globulars to locate as it's positioned less than a degree northwest of mag. +2.8 star Kaus Borealis (λ Sag). Visible in the same binocular field of view as M28 is M22, a much larger and brighter globular and one of the finest objects of its type in the night sky.

M28 globular cluster by the Hubble Space Telescope (credit:- NASA, The Hubble Heritage Team (AURA/STScI))

Finder Chart for M28 (credit:- freestarcharts)

Finder Chart for M28 - pdf format (credit:- freestarcharts)

Finder Chart for M6 (also shown M4, M7, M8, M19, M28, M62 and M69) (credit:- freestarcharts)

Finder Chart for M6 (also shown M4, M7, M8, M19, M28, M62 and M69) - pdf format (credit:- freestarcharts)

Through a small 80mm (3.1-inch) refractor, M28 appears non-stellar and without a well-defined core. A 150mm (6-inch) telescope at high powers will begin to resolve individual stars, although scopes of 250mm (10-inch) aperture or more are essential to fully appreciate this object. On closer examination, M28 appears slightly elliptical in shape. It's noticeable how considerably smaller and compressed it is when compared to M22.

M28 contains 18 RR Lyrae type variable stars and in 1986 a millisecond pulsar was discovered. Since then many more pulsars have been detected.

M28 Data Table

Object TypeGlobular cluster
Distance (light-years)18,000
Apparent Mag.+7.2
RA (J2000)18h 24m 33s
DEC (J2000)-24d 52m 12s
Apparent Size (arc mins)11.2 x 11.2
Radius (light-years)30
Age (years)12 Billion
Number of Stars50,000
Notable FeatureContains millisecond pulsars

Sky Highlights - March 2017

Comet 41P/Tuttle-Giacobini-Kresak now visible with binoculars as it heads towards perihelion

Mercury heading towards greatest elongation east

Minor Planet
Vesta now visible with binoculars and small telescopes.

The Planets
This Month's Guide

Algol Minima
Algol eclipse dates and times for March 2017

Northern Hemisphere
West:- Venus (mag. -4.8 to -4.1 - first half of month), Mars (mag. +1.3 to +1.5), Uranus (mag. +5.9), Mercury (mag. -1.5 to -0.4 - second half of month)
Southeast:- Jupiter (mag. -2.3 to -2.5)
Southwest:- Jupiter
Southeast:- Saturn (mag. +0.5)

Southern Hemisphere
West:- Venus (first half of month), Mars, Uranus
North:- Jupiter
East:- Saturn
West:- Jupiter
Northeast:- Saturn
East:- Neptune (mag. +8.0 - second half of month)

Deep Sky
Naked eye / binoculars:-
Melotte 111 - Mel 111 - The Coma Star Cluster (Open Cluster)
Messier 44 - M44 - The Praesepe (Open Cluster)

Messier 67 - M67 - Open Cluster
Messier 51 - M51 - The Whirlpool Galaxy (Spiral Galaxy)
Messier 97 - M97 - The Owl Nebula (Planetary Nebula)
Messier 101 - M101 - The Pinwheel Galaxy (Spiral Galaxy)
Messier 65 – M65 – Spiral Galaxy
Messier 66 - M66 - Intermediate Spiral Galaxy
Messier 95 - M95 - Barred Spiral Galaxy
Messier 96 - M96 - Intermediate Spiral Galaxy
NGC 4244 - Spiral Galaxy
NGC 4565 - Needle Galaxy - Spiral Galaxy

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