Messier 27 - M27 - The Dumbbell Nebula (Planetary Nebula)

The Dumbbell Nebula or M27 is a showpiece object that is a popular visual and imaging target for amateur astronomers. It is arguably the finest planetary nebula in the night sky and the first of its type to be discovered. The name derives from its resemblance to a dumbbell shape; likewise it has also been compared to an apple core or an hourglass figure. With an apparent mag. of +7.4 it is the second brightest planetary nebula in the sky; only the Helix Nebula (NGC 7293) in Aquarius is marginally brighter. However, the Dumbbell Nebula has a higher surface brightness and therefore the easier target to locate.

M27 The Dumbbell Nebula (ESO)

Finder Chart for M27 (also shown M71)

Finder Chart for M27 (also shown M71) - pdf format

M27 is found in the constellation of Vulpecula, easily visible in 10x50 binoculars, appearing as a small oblong shaped patch of light. With 15x70 binoculars it is much larger and brighter with a distinct central region surrounded by fainter outer regions. An 80mm (3.1-inch) telescope will show the famous hourglass shape especially when using averted vision. With larger telescopes M27 displays more intricate surface details. It is a wonderful sight when viewed through a 200mm (8-inch) telescope and as with many objects of this type a nebula filter often enhances the view.

M27 was discovered by Charles Messier on July 12, 1764 and is located 1360 light-years from Earth. It has apparent dimensions of 8.0 x 5.6 arcminutes.

M27 Data Table

Messier27
NGC6853
NameDumbbell Nebula
Object TypePlanetary Nebula
ConstellationVulpecula
Distance (kly)1.36
Apparent Mag.7.4
RA (J2000)19h 59m 36s
DEC (J2000)22d 43m 17s
Apparent Size (arcmins)8.0 x 5.6
Radius (light years)1.44

Sky Highlights - August 2016

Meteor Shower
Perseids meteor shower peaks on August 12, 2016

Mars, Saturn, Antares and the Moon
The Moon, Mars and Saturn close together during evenings of August 11 and August 12, 2016

Algol Minima
Algol eclipse dates and times for August 2016

The Planets
This Month's Guide

Northern Hemisphere
Evening
West:- Venus (mag. -3.8), Jupiter (mag. -1.7)
South:- Mars (mag. -0.8 to -0.3), Saturn (mag. +0.4)
Midnight
Southwest:- Mars, Saturn
Southeast:- Neptune (mag. +7.8)
East:- Uranus (mag. +5.8)
Morning
Southwest:- Neptune
Southeast:- Uranus

Southern Hemisphere
Evening
West:- Venus, Jupiter, Mercury (mag. -0.2 to +1.1)
Northeast:- Mars, Saturn
Midnight
West:- Mars, Saturn
Northeast:- Neptune
East:- Uranus
Morning
West:- Neptune
North:- Uranus

Deep Sky
Binoculars / Small telescopes:-
Messier 13 – M13 - Great Hercules Globular Cluster
Messier 57 - M57 - The Ring Nebula (Planetary Nebula)
Messier 92 - M92 - Globular Cluster
Messier 24 - M24 - Sagittarius Star Cloud
Messier 6 - M6 - The Butterfly Cluster (Open Cluster)
Messier 7 - M7 - The Ptolemy Cluster (Open Cluster)
Messier 8 - M8 - Lagoon Nebula (Emission Nebula)
Messier 27 - M27 - The Dumbbell Nebula (Planetary Nebula)

Shop at Amazon US

Shop at Amazon US

Current Moon Phase

CURRENT MOON

Contributions

If you like the website and want to contribute to the running costs then please do so below. All contributions are most welcome.