M15 is one of the brightest and finest globular clusters in the northern section of the sky and the best deep-sky object in the constellation of Pegasus. It's only marginally fainter and smaller than M13, the finest northern globular cluster. M15 is relatively easy to find. It's located 4 degrees to the northwest of Enif (ε Peg - mag. +2.4) and at one edge of a right-angled triangle made up of 6th, 7th and 8th magnitude stars.

M15 Globular Cluster (credit:- NASA, ESA, and The Hubble Heritage Team (STScI/AURA))

Finder Chart for M15 (credit:- freestarcharts)

Finder Chart for M15 - pdf format (credit:- freestarcharts)

Finder Chart for M2 (also shown M15) (credit:- freestarcharts)

Finder Chart for M2 (also shown M15) - pdf format (credit:- freestarcharts)

Approaching naked eye visibility under excellent conditions, this globular cluster is easily seen with binoculars or finder scopes, appearing as a mag. +6.2 "fuzzy star". A 100mm (4-inch) telescope at low power (40x) reveals a uniformly lit disk, while high powers (>100x) hint at resolution of some of the outer stars. When viewed through a larger 200mm (8-inch) telescope, M15 appears as a large bright diffuse ball surrounding a dense compact centre region, with many individual stars resolved in the outer halo. The brightest of which shine at mag. +12.6. Larger telescopes do even better. A 300mm (12-inch) scope resolves many stars across the complete disk, creating a spectacular 3-dimensional effect. In total, the globular has an apparent diameter of 18 arc minutes. However, in amateur scopes it appears visually somewhat smaller, perhaps only 8 arc minutes across.

M15 is one of the most densely packed globulars known in the Milky Way. Its core has undergone a contraction known as "core collapse" resulting in an enormous number of stars surrounding what may be a central black hole. It's also unusual in that it's one of only four known globulars (along with M22, NGC 6441 and Palomar 6) that contain a planetary nebula. The planetary nebula is named Pease 1.

The cluster was discovered by Italian born French astronomer Jean-Dominique Maraldi on September 7, 1746. It's located 33,600 light-years distant. With an age of at least 12.0 billion years, it's one of the oldest known Milky Way globular clusters.

M15 Data Table

Messier15
NGC7078
Object TypeGlobular Cluster
ConstellationPegasus
Distance (kly)33.6
Apparent Mag.6.2
RA (J2000)21h 29m 58s
DEC (J2000)12d 10m 00s
Apparent Size (arc mins)18 x 18
Radius (light-years)88
Age (years)12000M

Sky Highlights - January 2017

Conjunction
Mars passes just 1 arc minute south of Neptune on January 1, 2017

Comet
Comet 45P/Honda-Mrkos-Pajdusakova now visible with small telescopes

Meteor Shower
Quadrantids meteor shower peaks on January 3, 2017

Minor Planet
Vesta now visible with binoculars and small telescopes. Reaches opposition on January 17, 2017

The Planets
This Month's Guide

Algol Minima
Algol eclipse dates and times for January 2017

Northern Hemisphere
Evening
Southwest:- Venus (mag. -4.4 to -4.7), Mars (mag. +0.9 to +1.1), Neptune (mag. +8.0)
South:- Uranus (mag. +5.8)
Midnight
West:- Uranus
East:- Jupiter (mag. -1.9 to -2.1)
Morning
South:- Jupiter (mag. -1.8)
Southeast:- Saturn (mag. +0.6), Mercury (mag. -0.2 second half of month)

Southern Hemisphere
Evening
West:- Venus, Mars, Neptune
Northwest:- Uranus
Midnight
East:- Jupiter
Morning
Northeast:- Jupiter
East:- Saturn, Mercury (second half of month)

Deep Sky
Naked eye / binoculars:-
Messier 45 - M45 - The Pleiades (Open Cluster)
The Hyades - Open Cluster
NGC 869 and NGC 884 - The Double Cluster - Open Clusters
Messier 31 - M31 - Andromeda Galaxy (Spiral Galaxy)
Messier 42 - M42 - The Great Orion Nebula (Emission/Reflection)

Small telescopes:-
NGC 457 - Owl Cluster - Open Cluster
Messier 103 - M103 - Open Cluster
Messier 36 - M36 - Open Cluster
Messier 37 - M37 - Open Cluster
Messier 38 – M38 - Open Cluster

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